Mineral assemblages dating techniques smithsonian

Pande also thanks the IRCC, IIT Bombay, for maintenance support to the Facility (grant 15IRCCCF04).

ESSENTIALS OF PALEOMAGNETISM - Lisa Tauxe with Contributions from Subir K. Butler and Rob van der Voo; SIO Paleomagnetic Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego; University of California Press, 2010; Hosted by: Multimedia Essentials of Paleomagnetism Course & Pmag Py Software (Text & Images). These three long-lived noble-gas isotopes possess ideal geophysical and geochemical properties for radioisotope dating and are particularly significant for applications in the earth sciences..." Dendrochronology Course & Lectures LECTURES IN DENDROCHRONOLOGY - Director: H. Grissino-Mayer, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Science, Department of Geography, College of Arts & Sciences, University of Tennessee Multimedia Lectures in Dendrochronology (Text & Images). Sheppard, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. Analysis of the physical and chemical properties of an ice core can reveal past variations in climate ranging from seasons to hundreds of thousands of years. Ice Core Gateway "...maintain archives of ice core data from throughout the world. The GNIS contains information about physical and cultural geographic features of all types in the United States, associated areas, and Antarctica, current and historical, but not including roads and highways. For more information see the Geography and Map Reading Room or the Library of Congress PERRY-CASTAÑEDA LIBRARY MAP COLLECTION - University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Multimedia Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (Text & Images). GPS: Technology, Orbits, CORS; National Spatial Reference System: Datums, Networks, Coordinate Systems Operations, Field Procedures; Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Shoreline Mapping Special Projects; etc..." FOR ATMOPHERIC MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENTS INCLUDING SATELLITE INSTRUMENTS COURSES, TEXTBOOKS, ETC. The UV to mid-infrared 0.2-150 micron library (splib06) contains over 1300 spectra including mid-infrared data as well as spectra from splib05a and additional visible and near-infrared spectra. Rossman, Division of Geological & Planetray Sciences, California Institute of Technology Multimedia Mineral Spectroscopy Databases (Text & Images). Most data on the server were obtained in the Caltech mineral spectroscopy labs. For more information see School of Earth and Environmental Sciences EARTH MATERIALS (EENS 211) - S. Nelson, Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Tulane University Multimedia Earth Materials Course (Text & Images). Schroeder's Faculty Home Page or the Department of Geology FUNDAMENTALS OF X-RAY POWDER DIFFRACTION - J. Connolly, Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences, University of New Mexico Multimedia Fundamentals of X-Ray Powder Diffraction Course (Text & Images). An Introduction to X-ray powder diffraction; Generation of X-rays; Generation of X-rays; X-ray scattering, Bragg’s Law and diffraction geometry; Diffraction intensities and relationships to crystal structure and chemistry; Types and sources of errors in diffraction data; Introduction to the analysis of clay minerals; etc..." For more information see Earth & Planetary Sciences X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory; Labs or the Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences A LABORATORY MANUAL FOR X-RAY POWDER DIFFRACTION - U. Geological Survey Multimedia A Laboratory Manual for X-Ray Powder Diffraction (Text & Images). Examples of "A Laboratory Manual for X-Ray Powder Diffraction" Chapters & Subchapters include "... 1D SEDIMENT TRANSPORT MORPHODYNAMICS WITH APPLICATIONS TO RIVERS AND TURBIDITY CURRENTS (SPREADSHEETS OPEN ONLINE WITH EXCEL, i WORK-NUMBERS, IBM LOTUS SYMPHONY, NEOOFFICE, OPENOFFICE CALC, ETC.) - G. Examples from over "50" "1D Sediment Transport Morphodynamics with Applications to Rivers and Turbidity Currents" Course Parts & Chapters include "... Browse down to BAGS: Bedload Assessment in Gravel-bedded Streams (2009-5) BAGS: Bedload Assessment in Gravel-Bedded Streams "...predicts bed load transport using six well-known bed load transport equations developed specifically for gravel-bed rivers. For more information see Northeast Fisheries Science Center Ichthyology Glossaries & Dictionaries DICTIONARY OF ICHTHYOLOGY - Authors: Brian W.

JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY - Oxford University Press Multimedia Petrology Journal (Text & Images). Blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), rhodophytes, phaeophytes, chlorophytes, euglenophytes, etc..." For more information see the Ryan Institute SEAWEEDS - Michael D. Seaweeds are marine algae: saltwater-dwelling, simple organisms that fall into the rather outdated category of "plants". For more information see the National Geographic SEAHORSES MATING, TRANSFERRING EGGS - Seahorse Conservancy Multimedia Seahorses Mating, Transferring Eggs (Text, Images, Animations & Audio/Sound). Boyle Faculty Home Page or the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences (EAPS) COMPUTATION OF AQUEOUS METAL SOLUBILITIES USING SPREADSHEET PROGRAMS (SPREADSHEETS OPEN ONLINE WITH EXCEL, i WORK-NUMBERS, IBM LOTUS SYMPHONY, NEOOFFICE, OPENOFFICE CALC, ETC.) - D. Vaccari, Department of Civil, Environmental and Coastal Engineering, Charles V. School of Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology VERY EXTENSIVE. e Geotraces Electronic Atlas "...contains section plots and animated 3D scenes for a large number of hydrographic parameters as well as trace elements and isotopes measured along GEOTRACES cruise tracks. Examples of "NODC Oceanographic" Databases include "... We present the first digital map of seafloor lithologies based on descriptions of nearly 14,500 samples from original cruise reports, interpolated using a support vector machine algorithm..." For more information see Seafloor Lithology Home Page; GPlates Wed Portal; Earth Byte; School of Geosciences or the University of Sydney WORLD OCEAN DATABASE AND WORLD OCEAN ATLAS - Ocean Climate Laboratory (OCL), National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), NOAA VERY VERY VERY... Examples of "World Ocean Database and World Ocean Atlas" include World Ocean Database 2009: Geographic and year sorted data World Ocean Atlas 2009: Climatological fields and statistics data files World Ocean Atlas 2009 Figures: Climatological field and statistic figures; etc. CCHDO's primary mission "..deliver the highest possible quality global CTD and hydrographic data to users. NGDC and the collocated World Data Center for Geophysics and Marine Geology, Boulder (WDC GMG), "...compile, maintain, archive, and distribute data from extensive databases in coastal and open ocean areas. Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor "...archives and serves analytical data for whole rocks, glasses, minerals, melt inclusions, with emphasis on basalts and abyssal peridotites.

For more information see Oxford Journals Radiocarbon Journals RADIOCARBON - Publisher: Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona Multimedia Radiocarbon Journal (Text & Images). A wide variety of geochronological tools or methods can be employed to estimate quantitative and qualitative dating of rocks and sediments. Includes Opisthobranchs from the THE SLUG SITE: NUDIBRANCHS, OPISTHOBRANCHS, SEA SLUGS - M. Miller, San Diego, CA Multimedia Nudibranchs, Opisthobranchs, Sea slugs Database (Text, Images, Videos/Movies & Audio/Sound). Guiry, Ryan Institute, National University of Ireland Multimedia Seaweeds Databases (Text & Images). Most of them are the green (about 1200 species), brown (about 1750 species) or red (about 6000 species) kinds illustrated on this page, and..." For more information see the Ryan Institute CATALOGUE OF BENTHIC MARINE ALGAE OF THE INDIAN OCEAN - P. For more information see the Seahorse Conservancy Oceanography & Marine Geochemistry Courses, Lectures, Textbooks, etc. Introduction to Physical Oceanography Chemical Oceanography & Marine Chemistry Geochemistry of Marine Sediments & Marine Organic Geochemistry Fisheries & Biological Oceanography Oceanography Tools & Calculators Oceanography; OOI, Marine Geoscience, Geology, Geophysics, Geochemistry; Bathymetry; Topography; Sea Level; Vents; etc. Bedform Sedimentology, Marine Sedimentary Processes & Sediment Transport Coastal Modeling Systems Undergraduate: Physical Oceanography Courses, Lectures, Textbooks, etc. Computation of Aqueous Metal Solubilities Calculators include: For more information see David A. Oceanic Calculator INPUT Values include: For more information see Marine Related Interactive Tables, etc. Oceanic Calculator II INPUT Values include: For more information see Marine Related Interactive Tables, etc. "...'Mean' velocity with depth between two hydrographic stations making the depth of no motion assumption and applying the Helland-Hansen equation..." "..construct a networked infrastructure of science-driven sensor systems to measure the physical, chemical, geological and biological variables in the ocean and seafloor. Virtual Ocean "...integrates the Geo Map App tool suite with the NASA World Wind 3-D earth browser to create a powerful new platform for interdisciplinary research and education..." The Global Multi-Resolution Topography (GMRT)synthesis developed by the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS) is the primary base map for Virtual Ocean, providing..." For more information see IEDA: Marine Geoscience Data System Tools & Services; IEDA: Marine Geoscience Data System; Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA) or the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) GEOMAPAPP - Hosted by the: Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS), Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University; Part of the IEDA Data Facility Geo Map App "...provides direct access to the Global Multi-Resolution Topography (GMRT) compilation that hosts high resolution (~100 m node spacing) bathymetry from multibeam data for ocean areas and ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) and NED (National Elevation Dataset) topography datasets for the global land masses..." For more information see the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS) or the Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA) EGEOTRACES ELECTRONIC ATLAS - Reiner Schlitzer, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany Multimedia e Geotraces Electronic Atlas (Text, Images & Animated 3D Scenes). Users select tracers, cruise tracks and ocean basins in easy and intuitive ways..." "...e GEOTRACES then presents tracer distributions along the selected sections or animated 3D scenes showing tracer distributions along all available sections in the selected basin..." For more information see Intermediate Data Product 2014; GEOTRACES; Reiner Schlitzer's Home Page or the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research NODC OCEANOGRAPHIC DATABASES - National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA Multimedia NODC Oceanographic Databases (Text & Images). Biology Databases; Buoy Databases; Chlorophyll Databases; Ocean Currents Databases; Plankton Databases; Salinity Databases; Coastal Water Temperature Guide (CWTG); Global Argo Data Repository; Global Ocean Data, Archaeology & Rescue; Global Temperature Salinity Profile Program (GTSPP); Coral Reef Temperature Anomaly Database (Co RTAD); etc..." For more information see the National Oceanographic Data Center SEAFLOOR LITHOLOGY - Earth Byte, School of Geosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Multimedia Seafloor Lithology (Text, Images & 3D Visualisations). For more information see the Ocean Climate Laboratory (OCL) or the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) CCHDO - CLIVAR & CARBON HYDROGRAPHIC DATA OFFICE - CLIVAR and Carbon Hydrographic Data Office, La Jolla, California Multimedia DDHDO Databses (Text & Images). These data are a product of decades of observations related to the physical characteristics of ocean waters carried out during WOCE, CLIVAR and numerous other oceanographic research programs..." "...permits graphical display and interactive analysis of the data in many different ways. Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans & Continents Database For more information see the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) für Chemie MARINE GEOLOGY & GEOPHYSICS, BATHYMETRY, TOPOGRAPHY, & RELIEF DATABASES - U. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA Multimedia Bathymetry, Topography, & Relief Databases, Marine Geology Databases & Marine Geophysics Databases (Text & Images). Key data types include trackline geophysics (gravity, magnetics, seismic reflection, bathymetry), sediment thickness, and..." "...contains bathymetry, magnetics, gravity and seismic navigation data collected during marine cruises from 1953 to the present. Data sources include both US and foreign oceanographic institutions and government agencies..." PETROLOGICAL DATABASE OF THE OCEAN FLOOR (PETDB) - Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO), Columbia University Multimedia Petrological Database (Text & Images). Pet DB contains major, trace-element, and isotope ratios for samples from mid-ocean ridge basalts, back-arc basins, young near-ridge seamounts, and old oceanic crust..." For more information see Data Projects or the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Sea Level Databases SEA LEVEL DATA - Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, U.

For more information see the Journals of Geophysics & Geodesy Oceanography, Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences Journals AMS JOURNALS ONLINE - American Meteorological Society Multimedia Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences Journals (Text & Images). COMPARING NWP SYNTHETIC/SIMULATED SATELLITE IMAGERY TO OBSERVED SATELLITE IMAGERY - Authors: Dan Bikos, Dan Lindsey and Lewis Grasso; Virtual Institute for Satellite Integration Training (VISIT), a joint effort involving NOAA-NESDIS Cooperative Institutes, the National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service (NESDIS), and the National Weather Service (NWS); Hosted by Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (NOAA/NESDIS), and is co-located with the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Colorado State University Multimedia Comparing NWP Synthetic/Simulated Satellite Imagery to Observed Satellite Imagery Course (Text, Images, Video/Movies & Audio Sound). Note that the absorption causes only part of the transmission loss. Speed of Sound in Sea-Water Calculators include: Speed of Sound in Sea-Water Calculator: The International Standard Algorithm (UNESCO equation): Chen and Millero Speed of Sound in Sea-Water Calculator: Del Grosso's equation: Wong and Zhu (An alternative equation to the UNESCO algorithm) Speed of Sound in Sea-Water Calculator: Mackenzie Speed of Sound in Sea-Water Calculator: Coppens Presure to Depth in Sea-Water Calculator: Leroy and Parthiot CO2-SYSTEM CALCULATIONS (SPREADSHEET OPENS ONLINE WITH EXCEL, i WORK-NUMBERS, IBM LOTUS SYMPHONY, NEOOFFICE, OPENOFFICE CALC, ETC.) - E. Boyle, Trace Metal Group, Chemical Oceanography, Program in Atmospheres, Oceans, and Climate (PAOC), Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences (EAPS) VERY EXTENSIVE. Earth-Ocean Interactions Program BEDFORM SEDIMENTOLOGY COURSES, LECTURES, MANUALS, ETC.

Examples of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) Journals include "... Examples from over "25" "Introduction to Physical Oceanography" Course Lectures include "... Examples from over "18" "Chemical Oceanography" Course Lectures include "... Examples from over "16" "Marine Chemistry" Course Lectures include "... Usually, the major contribution to transmission loss is the spreading of the acoustic wave as it propagates away from the source..." For more information see Acoustic Technical Guides; Underwater Acoustics; NPL Ultrasound & Underwater Acoustics; Science Technology or the National Physical Laboratory SPEED OF SOUND IN SEA-WATER - National Physical Laboratory (NPL), U. CO2-System Calculator "..designed to calculate carbon system parameters given T, S, P, Tot CO2, and Alkalinity inputs... MARINE SEDIMENTARY PROCESSES COURSES, LECTURES, MANUALS, ETC.

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